When thinking of education, most people recall their school experience when they were children or young adults, absorbing knowledge, mainly in an authoritarian, or at least in a one-way direction that was teacher centered. This is confirmed by the way we have the noun ‘Education’ explained in the dictionary (“English
In the review of Knowles’s principles of Andragogy, McGrath (2009) argues that these principles are guidelines for teachers or facilities to enhance the experience and learning with adults, but not a theory of adult learning. Learning styles and teaching methods should be
As faculty at Les Roches Marbella, I use these guidelines when teaching my undergraduates. As mentioned by Howard, Carver
The use of adult learning principles and other educational theories in class helps students to absorb and apply the material better, delivering a deeper learning and therefore, better results not only for themselves
Howard, R. A., Carver, C. A., & Lane, W. D. (1996). Felder’s learning styles, Bloom’s taxonomy, and the Kolb learning cycle: tying it all together in the CS2 course. SIGCSE Bulletin. 28(1) 227-231.
Knowles. M. (1989). The Making of an Adult Educator. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass
Kolb, A.Y. & Kolb, D.A. (2005) Learning Styles and Learning Spaces: Enhancing Experiential Learning in Higher Education. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 4(2): 193–212.
McGrath, V. (2009). Reviewing the Evidence on How Adult Students Learn: An Examination of Knowles’ Model of Andragogy. Adult Learner: The Irish Journal of Adult and Community Education, 99- 110.